MIZORAM

MIZORAM :

It is a state sandwiched between the mighty Himalayan foothills and the plateau of Meghalaya. Aizawl is the capital of Mizoram, dotted with quaint timber houses and a profusion of flowers. Each house has its own window box of profusely blooming orchids. The air is invigorating and pure. The streets echo with melodies emanating from the guitars of Aizawl youth playing at nearly every street corner.

Mizoram has an endless variety of landscape with rich flora and fauna, clusters of whispering pines and quaint villages with houses on stilts. The scintillating grandeur of its dense tropical forests, verdant green paddy fields and admirable vineyards showcases the gifts that Mother Nature has bestowed Mizoram with. Mizoram has a moderate and pleasant climate throughout the year and is an idyllic land of great natural beauty having rich variety of flora and fauna. Mizoram is blessed with the most variegated hilly terrain in the eastern part of India. The hills are steep and separated by rivers which flow either to the north or south creating deep gorges between the hill ranges. Nature has bestowed Mizoram with numerous rivers like Tlawang, Sonai, Tuivai, Kolodyne and Karnafulli.

Mizoram is a treat for any tourist while travelling on the straight roads coursing through the thick forests and vibrant villages. Mizoram tourism has plenty to offer for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts. The state is emerging as a major eco tourism and adventure tourism destination in Northeast India. During the last five years, Mizoram tourism received a good number of domestic as well as international tourists from all parts of the world. Mizoram as a destination has much to offer. The Mizos are very friendly and hospitable. English is commonly spoken. The joyful enthusiasm and the gregarious spirit of the local populace has been are the main reasons for establishing some of the most attractive tourism features in this beautiful state. Just chill in the lovely, nature fresh , naturally air conditioned weather, understand the local culture and way of living, soak in the peace and tranquility and unwind for a while. Mizoram tourism has identified several destinations and tourism circuits for infrastructure, accommodation and other developments.

Tualchang : Tualchang is the biggest monolith in Mizoram. Tualchang is situated near Tualchang village in the Aizwal district. Tualchang is a line of stone blocks.

Sibuta Lung : Sibuta Lung is one of the most popular sites in Mizoram. Sibuta Lung is a memorial stone that was erected about 300 years by the Palian chief. The memorial Sibuta Lung offers a story of jilted love and lust for revenge.

Tomb of Vanhimailian : Tomb of Vanhimailan was bulit in the memory of Vanhimailan Sailo. Vanhimailian Sailo was a great chief who ruled over Champhai. It overlooks the vast Champhai plain. Champhai is situated in the Aizawl District and is about 194 km from Aizawl in Mizoram India.

Phawngui : Phawngui, also known as the Blue Mountain, is the highest peak of Mizoram and is considered to be the abode of Gods. Phawngpui located in the Chhimtuipui district, is famous for rhododendron and orchids. With spectacular trees and flowers of all colours, Phawngpui presents a fairytale view of the blue hazed hills, and vales unfolding below.

Mangkahia Lung : Mangkahia Lung is a memorial stone which was erected in the memory of Mangkhaia in 1700 AD. It is a very large memorial stone also called Mangkhaia's stone. Mangkahia Lung is 5 m high with heads of mithun (the animal found in the northeast India) engraved on it.

Lungvandawt : Lungvandawt means a stone reaching heaven. Lungvandawt is a very tall beautiful chiselled pillar made of stone, which is about 75 cm in diameter and 3 m in height. Lungvandawt in Mizoram is found between Biate and Lungdar in the eastern part of Aizawl district.

Tadmil : 85kms away from Aizawl, it is a tranquil lake. Choose to pedal a boat through the placid waters or just relax. The nearby jungle has a plethora of flora and fauna.

Vantawng Falls : on the backdrop of the green hills, this is a picturesque waterfall.

Dampa Sanctuary: In the north-western tip of Mizo Hills. The sanctuary houses swamp deer, tiger, leopard, elephant and hillock gibbon.

MIZORAM AT A GLANCE

Mizoram is a mountainous state nestling in the southern tip of the north-east region of India. Covered with verdant forests dominated by thick bamboo groves, teeming with vibrant wildlife, sheer cliffs and breath-taking waterfalls, dotted with unique landmarks of myriad folklores and picturesque villages of houses built on stilts, a land of dramatic seas of morning mists that enfold islands of hills and peaks. This is the land of the Highlanders, or the Mizos. For anyone looking for a quiet holiday or outdoor activities in pristine and peaceful setting, this is a destination worth your while.

Standing aloof from the adjacent plains of Assam and the other neighboring states, Mizoram remains an exotic location sharing more than one-third of its boundary with Bangladesh and Myanmar and its capital, Aizawl is still one of the least-frequented cities in India. With a population of 888573 only, it is one of the most sparsely-populated states. Mizoram has a moderate and pleasant climate throughout the year, and is an idyllic land of great natural beauty having rich variety of flora and fauna.

Though still considered remote and hence, an unfrequented destination, the location of Mizoram itself helps maintain its quaint appeal, as do its scenic landscapes of bluish hills and mountains, steep rocky cliffs, serene lakes and deep valleys of gurgling streams plunging down sheer drops to form spectacular waterfalls. To the more adventurous spirit, the rugged terrains and rivers are ideal for various outdoor sports and activities. Again, the fantastic array of wildlife, especially the birds, is an added attraction to the nature lovers.


Location :


Latitude - 21° 58' & 24° 35' N
Longitude - 92° 15' & 93° 29' E

Area :
North - South
East - West

21,087 Sq. Kms
277 Kms
121 Kms

 

Inter State Border :

(a) With Assam - 123 Kms
(b) With Tripura - 277 Kms
(c) with Manipur - 95 Kms

 

International Border :

(a) With Myanmar - 404 Kms
(b) With Bangladesh - 318 Kms

 

Temperature :

11° - 21°C in winter
20° - 30°C in summer

 

Average Rainfall :

250 per annum
 

Population :

10,91,014
Male = 5,52,339 Female = 5,38,675 as 2011 Census

 

Sex Ratio :

975 female per 1000 male
 

Capital :

Aizawl
 

Literacy :

91.85 %
 

Highest Point :

Phawngpui (Blue Mountain)
2,157 m (7,077 ft)

 

Religion :

Christian
 

No. of Assembly Constituency :                                 

40
 

No of Seat in Parliament :

1 each in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
( Shri C. L Ruala, Lok Sabha & Shri Ronald Sapa Tlau, Rajya Sabha )

 

Chief Minister :

Shri Zoramthanga
 

Chief Secretary :

Shri Arvind Ray, I.A.S
 

Governor :

Shri Kummanam Rajasekharan
 

District :

8
 

Block :

26

 

Sub - Division :

23
 

Autonomous District Council :

3
 

State Animal :

Serow (Saza)
 

State Bird :

Hume's Bartailed Pheaasant (Vavu)
 

State Flower :

State Tree :

Dancing Girl (Aiting)

Mesual Ferrea/ Nahar (Herhse)

 

Longest River :

Tlawng, 185.15 Kms

 

 

District wise Population (2011 Census)


 

      District        

 

       Population  

 

Density
           (per sq.km)         
 

      Sex Ratio     

      Literacy %      

   
 

        Male        

         Female        

       Total        

         

Mamit

44,567

41190

85757

28

924

60

   

Kolasib

42456

40598

83054

60

956

94.54

   

Aizawl

201072

202982

404054

113

1009

98.5

   

Champhai

63299

62071

125370

39

981

93.51

   

Serchhip

32824

32051

64875

46

976

98.76

   

Lunglei

79252

74842

154094

34

944

89.4

   

Lawngtlai

60379

57065

117444

46

945

66.41

   

Siaha

28490

27876

56366

40

978

88.41

   

MIZORAM   

552339

538675

1091014

52

875

91.85

   


 

District wise Population (2001 Census)

 

  State/District   

  Total Area 
          Covered         

         

Total Population

Literacy rate
 

          Male         

       Female      

      Persons    

        Males        

      Female     

      Persons       

MIZORAM

21087

459783

431275

891058

90.69

86.13

88.49

 

Mamit

3025.75

32766

29547

62313

84.04

75.66

80.09

 

Kolasib

1382.51

31874

29103

60977

91.50

89.37

90.49

 

Aizawl

3576.31

173930

165882

339812

97.20

96.06

96.64

 

Champhai

3185.83

51869

49520

101389

94.00

89.64

91.88

 

Serchhip

1421.60

28445

27094

55539

97.24

95.02

96.16

 

Lunglei

4538

71353

65802

137155

87.36

80.74

84.20

 

Lawngtlai

2557.10

38425

34625

73050

65.13

46.69

56.46

 

Saiha

1399.90

31121

29702

60823

86.28

78.39

82.43


 

* According to the Mizoram Census 2001 Provision Figure.